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绡僵* :校車政策為何成為美國民主黨初選爭議焦點

篮球竞彩nba www.xvrnl.com   In the Democratic presidential primaries debate at the end of June, the candidate, Harris, questioned his opponent, former Vice President Biden, in the 1970s and early 1980s against the "busing" position. Biden responded that what he opposed was not the school bus policy itself, but the mandatory promotion of the policy by the education department. The verbal confrontation between the two became one of the highlights of this debate, and it also sparked a discussion about whether the school bus policy broke the American education segregation system.

  六月底的民主黨總統初選辯論中,參選人哈利斯向其對手、前副總統拜登在1970年代、1980年代初期反對“校車政策”(busing)的立場提出質疑。拜登則回應道,自己反對的并非校車政策本身,而是教育部門對該政策的強制推廣。兩人的言詞交鋒成為這場辯論的亮點之一,也引發了人們對于校車政策是否打破了美國教育隔離制度的討論。

  What is the school bus policy? According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the “school bus policy”, also known as the “desegregation busing”, relies on the practice of carrying students to the local school district to mitigate the effects of apartheid policies. Although the US Supreme Court abolished the apartheid policy in the 1954 Brown v. Topeka Education Bureau case, in reality, students of different ethnicities were largely isolated because of the separation of their home and community locations. Come. The school bus policy thus became a major remedy, but it also became the biggest source of controversy in American education in the late 20th century.

  什么是校車政策?根據大英百科全書,“校車政策”又名“消除種族隔離的巴士”(desegregation busing),該政策通過將學生載送到當地學區內外的做法,來緩和種族隔離政策帶來的影響。盡管美國最高法院在1954年布朗訴托皮卡教育局案中廢止了種族隔離政策,但實際上,不同種族的學生仍因其住家和社區位置相互分離的原因,在很大的程度上被隔離開來。校車政策因而成為一種主要補救辦法,但其卻也成為20世紀后期美國教育中最大的爭議來源。

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  Why is Biden questioned because of the school bus policy? In 1974, the federal court in Delaware was about to decide to apply the school bus policy to the black public school in the state of Wilmington, the state's senator, Biden, who was provoked by the relevant speech, and then embarked on a school bus. The road to policy. The Times reported that "How does Joe Biden become a fighter of the Democratic Party against school bus? (How Joe Biden Became the Democrats' Anti-Busing Crusader) pointed out that Biden believes that he is a liberal Democrat and a dedicated civil rights defender, but he has become the most politically and ethnically in the United States because of his school bus policy. One of the topics of discrimination. The report said:

  拜登又為何會因校車政策遭到質疑?1974年,特拉華州的聯邦法院即將裁定將校車政策用于該州城市威爾明頓的黑人公立學校,當時是該州參議員的拜登因相關言論引發風波,之后走上了反對校車政策的道路。時報報道《喬·拜登如何成為民主黨反校車的斗士? 》(How Joe Biden Became the Democrats’ Anti-Busing Crusader)指出,拜登自認為是自由派民主黨人及熱忱的民權捍衛者,但他卻因為校車政策、一頭栽進了美國最具政治色彩和種族歧視的話題之一。報道稱:

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